•  MARKET RAMP AND CAPOEIRA
    Pierre Verger
    since 1947

    We are starting with the ABC of Pierre Verger. Then we are talking about the scene of capoeira in the old ramp of the Model Market and we are showing in detail capoeira on the ramp using Verger's photos.

    THE ABC OF PIERRE VERGER

    1902 - Pierre Edouard Leopold Verger was born in Paris on the 4th November.

    1932 - Learned photograhy from his friend Pierre Boucher.

    1933 - Started to travel around the world as a photographer.

    1946 - Arrived in Salvador.

    1947 - His photographies started to be published in the magazine (O Cruzeiro). He registerred capoeira scenes on the ramp of the Model Market (M Juvenal), in Liberdade (M Waldemar), in Bigode (M Pastinha) and in Ribeira (M Gigante).

    1948 - Traveled to Africa and Suriname.

    1949 - Traveled to Haiti.

    1953 - Received the name Fatumbi.

    1957 - Traveled to Cuba.

    1960 - Bought a house in Salvador in Vila América.

    1966 - Got the doctor's title from the University of Sorbonne.

    1973 - Started to work as a teacher in the Federal University of Bahia.

    1996 - Died on the 11th February.

    capoeira
    Pierre Verger (1902 - 1996) in 1952


    CAPOEIRA ON THE MARKET RAMP

    We have tons of photos made by Pierre Verger. For what we know the first of these was published in the magazine O Cruzeiro on 3rd May 1947, see more here.

    Lühning and Pamfílio in 2012 published a work titled «The winding ins and outs between oral history and photographic documentation: capoeira in Salvador on Pierre Verger's photos». In it they indentified 5 groups of photos on the market ramp (the numbers indicate the positions on the map below):

    1 Group of MESTRE JUVENAL with his students close to the wall [warehouse?] of the Naval Dockyard*, on the Quays of the Port in the Lower City of Salvador - 23 photos.

    2 Different DOCKERS AND PORTERS playing in the work interval in front of the wall of the Naval Dockyard - 19 photos.

    3 Game of capoeiristas ANTÔNIO AND REGINALDO EVANGELISTA [probably Antônio and Reginaldo, the third was called João Evangelista] in front of the Model Market [better on the market ramp] in the Lower City - 38 photos.

    4 Game [roda] in the place known as the MARKET RAMP, possibly showing Mestre Canjiquinha [no confirmation!] - 24 photos.

    5 SEPARATE SCENES in different locations - Boa Viagem feast, in Ribeira, in front of the Lacerda elevator [better on the old market ramp] (among others with the visual artist Carybé, Reginaldo and Américo Pequeno), on streets, squares and on the beach - 41 photos.

    * Naval Dockyard of Salvador was the forerunner of the 2nd Naval District of Brazil. For some time it had on its market ramp side a warehouse and a wall (the yellow square and line on the map, photos right below). It's important and the background of many Pierre Verger's capoeira photos. By 1960 a bigger building had been erected in its place.

    THE WAREHOUSE AND THE WALL OF THE NAVAL DOCKYARD (red square on the photos)

    • Salvador, 1933
      Note that there was only the wall to the side of the Navy.

    • Navy with reforms of the building and warehouse instead of the wall to the side.

    • Market ramp around 1947
      Pierre Verger

    • Conceição da Praia Feast, 1948-1951
      Pierre Verger

    • Model Market, 1946-1947
      Pierre Verger

    • Pierre Verger, year?

    • In the 1960-s we see a building in the place where the old warehouse stood.

    warehouse and wall

    1 MESTRE JUVENAL

    The work of Lühning and Pamfílio from 2012 mentions 19 photos of Mestre Juvenal's group with his students close to the wall [warehouse?] of the Naval Dockyard, in the Port Quays of the Lower City of Salvador. We have 14 photos in our possession (some in the gallery right below).

    A good part of these photos were used in the article Capoeira kills one! in 1948, see here.

    Note the little windows of the warehouse.

    Using the photos as reference we positioned M Juvenal's roda on the market ramp as shown on the map in the end (number 1).

    • M Juvenal and student
      Pierre Verger

    • M Juvenal and student
      Pierre Verger

    • M Juvenal and student
      Pierre Verger

    • M Juvenal
      Magazine O Cruzeiro, 10/Jan/1948
      Pierre Verger
      NB: We turned the photo to reflect the reality.

    M Juvenal

    2 DOCKERS AND PORTERS

    Lühning and Pamfílio in 2012 mention 19 photos of different dockers and porters in the work interval in front of the wall [warehouse?] of the Naval Dockyard. We have 11 photos in our possession (some in the gallery right below).

    Some photos make part of the article Capoeira kills one! of 1948, see here.

    Using the photos as reference we positioned the dockers and porters on the market ramp as shown on the map in the end (number 2).

    • Dockers and porters on the market ramp
      Pierre Verger

    • Dockers and porters on the market ramp
      Pierre Verger

    • Dockers and porters on the market ramp
      Pierre Verger

    • Dockers and porters on the market ramp
      Pierre Verger

    Dockers and porters

    3 ANTÔNIO AND REGINALDO

    Lühning and Pamfílio in 2012 mention 38 photos of the game of capoeiristas Antônio and Reginaldo in front of the Model Market [better on the market ramp] in the Lower City. We have 18 photos in our possession (some in the gallery right below).

    Using the photos as reference we positioned the two players on the market ramp as shown on the map in the end (number 3).

    • Antônio and Reginaldo
      Pierre Verger
      Life Magazine's collection
      Note the warehouse to the left

    • Antônio and Reginaldo
      Pierre Verger
      Life Magazine's collection
      Note the Fortress of São Marcelo at the back

    • Antônio and Reginaldo (on the right)
      Pierre Verger
      Life Magazine's collection
      Note the Fortress of São Marcelo at the back

    • Antônio and Reginaldo (on the right)
      Pierre Verger
      Life Magazine's collection
      Note the Fortress of São Marcelo at the back

    Antônio and Reginaldo

    4 MARKET RAMP

    Lühning and Pamfílio in 2012 mention 24 photos of the game [roda] in the place known as the market ramp, possibly showing Mestre Canjiquinha [no confirmation!]. We have 16 photos in our possession (some in the gallery right below).

    Using the photos as reference we positioned the roda on the market ramp as shown on the map in the end (number 4).

    • Roda on the market ramp
      Playing Reginaldo (with tennis shoes) and Antônio
      Pierre Verger
      Note the Customs house (later new Model Market) at the back

    • Roda on the market ramp
      Playing Reginaldo (with tennis shoes) and Antônio
      Pierre Verger
      Magazine O Cruzeiro 10/Jan/1948
      Note the Customs house (later new Model Market) at the back

    • Roda on the market ramp
      Playing Reginaldo (with tennis shoes) and João Evangelista
      Pierre Verger
      Note the Customs house (later new Model Market) at the back

    • Roda on the market ramp
      Playing Reginaldo (with tennis shoes) and João Evangelista
      Pierre Verger
      Magazine O Cruzeiro 10/Jan/1948
      Note the Customs house (later new Model Market) at the back

    roda on the market ramp

    5 6 SEPARATE SCENES

    Lühning and Pamfílio in 2012 mention 41 photos of separate scenes in different places - Boa Viagem feast, in Ribeira, in front of the Lacerda elevator [better on the old market ramp] (among others with the visual artist Carybé, Reginaldo and Américo Pequeno), on streets, squares and on the beach. See some photos right below.

    Note the sailboats at the back of the roda.

    Using the photos as reference we positioned the roda on the market ramp as shown on the map in the end (numbers 5 and 6).

    • Roda on the market ramp
      Carybé with a sigarette in his mouth and a pandeiro and Reginaldo with dark sunglasses
      Pierre Verger
      Note the old market and the sailboats

    • Roda on the market ramp
      Pierre Verger
      Note the old market and the sailboatss

    • Roda on the market ram
      Pierre Verger
      Note the old market and the sailboats

    • Bom Jesus dos Navegantes feast
      Market ramp?
      Pierre Verger

    • 6 M Juvenal 2 (see the map)
      Pierre Verger

    separate scenes

    OTHER PHOTOS AND A VIDEO OF CAPOEIRA ON THE RAMP

    There's more photos of other capoeiristas on the market ramp:

    7 Mestre Pastinha, M Camafeu de Oxóssi, M Gato Preto, M Gildo Alfinete, M Roberto Satanás and M João Grande on the market ramp in 1966 before going to Dakar.

    Using the photos as reference we positioned the roda on the market ramp as shown on the map in the end (number 7).

    • Bateria:
      M Camafeu de Oxóssi
      M Gato Preto
      M Roberto Satanaz
      M Pastinha
      Playing: M Gildo Alfinete and M João Grande
      Ramp of the old Model Market
      1966

    M Pastinha

    8 A documentary «A Day on the Ramp» (1957) by Luiz Paulino dos Santos shows capoeiristas not yet identified playing on the market ramp. In the video below capoeira starts at 7:44.

    Using the video as reference we positioned the roda on the market ramp as shown on the map in the end (number 8).

    «A day on the ramp»


    The map of capoeiras on the ramp (click on the numbers!)

    The map of capoeiras on the ramp



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